Transfer of knowledge
Learning with ease

What is a Sentence?

What is a Sentence?

A sentence is a set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses.

Types of Sentence

Imperative Sentence

  • An imperative sentence is a command or a polite request. It ends with an exclamation mark or a period / full stop. For example:
    1. Show me the money.
    2. Play the movie.
    3. When a dog runs at you, whistle for him.

Interrogative Sentence

  • An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark. For example
    1. Where is the butter?
    2. Who knew that dog saliva can mend a broken heart?
    3. Would you like coffee?

Declarative Sentence

  • A declarative sentence states a fact and ends with a period / full stop. For example:
    1. The butter was in the cupboard yesterday.
    2. This my favourite movie.
    3. He has every attribute of a dog except loyalty.

Exclamatory Sentence

  • An exclamatory sentence expresses excitement or emotion. It ends with an exclamation mark. For example:
    1. I can't find the butter!
    2. I love this movie!
    3. if men died for ideas that were true!

Sentence Structures

We have four types of Sentence according to Structures.

Simple Sentence

A simple sentences contains only one independent clause. An independent clause is a group of words (with a subject and a verb) that expresses a complete thought.

  • I kicked the ball is an independent clause. It contains a subject (I),and it expresses a complete thought.

  • The essay was late.
  • John loves coding.

Compound Sentences

A compound sentence contains at least two independent clauses. These clauses are joined by a coordinating conjunction or a semicolon. A coordinating conjunction is a word that glues words, phrases, or clauses together.

  • Men are mammals and women are femammals.
  • The largest mammals are found in the sea;there's nowhere else to put them.
  • I kicked the ball, and it hit Tom.
  • The above examples are joined with a coordinating conjunction: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.


    With a semicolon (;)

Complex Sentences

A complex sentence contains a subordinate clause and an independent clause. A subordinate clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb but does not express a complete thought.

  • Tom cried is an independent clause.Because the ball hit him is a >dependent adverb clause modifying the verb cried Tom cried because the ball hit him is a complex sentence.

Compound-Complex Sentences

A compound-complex sentence has at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

  • I would have purchased the cheese that you like, but it was too expensive.

  • I would have purchased the cheese = independent clause
    that you like = dependent adjective clause modifying the noun cheese.
    but it was too expensive = independent clause